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And the sun is a clear representation of the gospel dispensation, with the 'sun of righteousness' being Christ Himself Malachi and the 12 stars representing the 12 apostles. Were the Jewish people 'clothed' with the sun of righteousness [Christ]? They rejected the Prince of life, therefore they could never be pictured as being clothed with the sun.

And neither is there any record of the Jews being persecuted for either 3 and a half years, or years. The woman of Revelation 12 can be none other than the Christian Church. In other words, she is God's true people. Now I hear some say Jesus was not born from the Christian church! But what many don't realize is that God has always had a true church throughout history, and they are His true people who live according to His will, and Jesus WAS brought forth as a man through God's true 'church' [people].

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The only 'woman' who is 'clothed with the sun' is the God's true people. His true church! So who is the dragon? Well, we have seen that this chapter spans from the time that Jesus was to become a man. The dragon sought to kill this man child [Christ] and then go on to persecute the church. So which kingdom did Satan use to try and kill Jesus as a child and then actually crucify Jesus and later persecuted the church? There can be no other kingdom whom this dragon represents. So Pagan Rome is the dragon of Revelation Now what about the 7 heads and 10 horns of the dragon? What do they represent?

There are many people who believe the heads represent the various kingdoms that ruled the world before Rome, like Babylon, Medo Persia, Greece, etc. Others believe the 7 heads to be various leaders or even various popes, but all of these interpretations are wrong, and I will show you why. Remember where the crowns are on the dragon, as apposed to the crowns on the beast of Revelation 13? The crowns on the dragon are on the heads.

The crowns on the heads mean that these heads are the ruling powers of the dragon - Pagan Rome. No, these past nations had fallen long before and were no longer ruling. So the heads cannot represent any other nations in the past, as they are ruling heads of the Roman Empire. The seven heads, of the dragon naturally denote, therefore, the seven heads, or governments, which at different times have ruled over Rome ; to wit, kings, consuls, decemvirs, dictators, triumvirs, emperors, and popes.

The ten horns represent the ten kingdoms which arose from the division of Rome The crowns being placed on the heads and not on the horns, shows that the kingdom had not yet been divided " J. Matteson, Review and Herald, Vol. So the seven heads of the dragon must denote the various forms of government that ruled the Roman Empire, as shown above. And the fact that the 'head' that was mortally wounded in Revelation is the Papacy which we will show further down , proves again that the 7 heads are not other kingdoms of the past, or even popes, but the ruling governments of the Roman Empire.

So what about the 10 horns? Revelation tells us that they are 'ten kings'. Kings can also be interpreted in prophecy as 'kingdoms'. Now if we take a look at the fourth beast of Daniel 7, which again is the Roman Empire, we also see 10 horns coming up out of that beast, and Daniel says that the ten horns are 'ten kings that shall arise. Which matches also the prophecy in Daniel 2 of Nebuchadnezzar's image with the 10 toes. So it is clear that the 7 heads represent the 7 forms of government of the Roman Empire.

And the 10 horns are the original 10 kingdoms of Europe that the Roman Empire split into. This now brings us onto the first beast of Revelation 13, which also has seven heads and ten horns, just like the dragon of Revelation But on this beast in Revelation 13, the crowns have now moved from the heads to the horns, signalling a change in the ruling powers of the Roman Empire.

But the fact that this beast of chapter 13 still has 7 heads and 10 horns, just like the dragon of chapter 12, shows that it is still Rome, but in a different form. Now notice what we see concerning this beast. And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority. Who gave this beast it's 'power, seat and authority'? The dragon, which is Pagan Rome.

So all we need to do is identify who Rome gave it's power, seat and authority over to, to be able to identify this beast of Revelation Constantine removed his capital from Rome to Constantinople. The ancient city was left to the papal power and the pope occupied in Rome a throne higher than any occupied by the Caesars. Constantine laid the foundation of the papacy ; but it remained for Justinian to complete the edifice in A.

Haskell, Seer of Patmos, , p. Constantine left all to the Bishop of Rome The Papacy is but the ghost of the deceased Roman Empire, sitting crowned upon it's grave.. Fortsch, Daniel: Understanding the Dreams and Visions, p. So the Roman Empire gave it's power and authority over to the Bishops of Rome, and thus the Papal Church with the popes at the helm became the ruling power.

Because it is from ROME that this church got it's 'seat, power and great authority'. This also matches the fact that one of the heads of the beast received a 'mortal wound' Revelation Now after the years that was prophesied for Papal Rome to wage war against the saints between - AD, the Papacy DID receive a 'mortal wound', when the French army marched into Rome, taking the pope captive and stripping the Papacy of it's power.

And the following attributes of the first beast also match the Papal Church of Rome. Meaning it rises up among many nations, tongues and people Revelation Revelation 12 confirms that the dragon is satan and also the nation of Pagan Rome it was Pagan Rome who tried to kill the 'man child', Jesus Christ. Meaning this kingdom would be conquered at some stage, and lose it's power.

But would then be revived into a power again. Meaning exactly as it says. Meaning it would rule for prophetic days , which are literal years.


Same as the little horn power. The Papacy is the only kingdom that matches the sea beast perfectly. But then in Mussolini granted state power back to the Vatican and the deadly wound began to heal. The Papacy ruled the world between AD and But why is this beast "like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion. These animals are the animals that represented Babylon, Medo Persia and Greece in Daniel 7 , with the 'dragon' representing the fourth 'terrible' beast of Daniel 7, which was Pagan Rome.

The reason this beast looks like a leopard, bear and lion is because Satan took the characteristics of all these previous kingdoms, bringing them into this one beast power - Papal Rome, to wage his final war against God's people. Did you notice that the crowns have moved from the heads of the dragon to the horns of the first beast of Revelation 13?

This is because when Pagan Rome ruled, it ruled through it's own forms of government, denoted by the crowns on the heads. But when the Roman Empire split into the original ten kingdoms of Europe, the ruling power passed onto the various kingdoms ten horns , with the popes directing the affairs of those kingdoms, as we will see from the further illustration given in Revelation It was the Papacy that received the 'seat and power' from Pagan Rome - the dragon.

In Revelation 17, God makes it even clearer regarding the 'dragon' of chapter 12 and the 'first beast' of chapter Here now in chapter 17 we have a picture of a woman riding a 'scarlet coloured beast' with 'seven heads and ten horns'. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: And upon her forehead was a name written, Mystery, Babylon The Great, The Mother Of Harlots And Abominations Of The Earth.

And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration. What have we learned above regarding the dragon and the beast? A Symbolic Animal Is it possible to understand the mark of the beast? Without fail, we can know and must know.

But first we must understand the identity of the prophetic beast itself. Let us establish that this strange, composite animal is not to be taken literally. No one ever saw a creature with the body of a leopard, the mouth of a lion, and the feet of a bear. The prophetic books of the Bible usually deal in types and symbols. This beast represents something. But what does it symbolize? There must be no guessing here. The Bible does not leave any room for doubt. It serves as its own divine commentary and provides the key for understanding the prophecies. Everything in the Bible description of the beast is symbolic.

Consider the water, for example, out of which the animal arises. What does it represent? God clearly explained the meaning of water in prophecy. Once the symbol is interpreted in any prophecy, the rule will apply in every other prophecy. Water will always symbolize people in biblical prophetic imagery.

The 10 Horns Of The Beast & The Little Diverse Horn

Now, what about the other parts of the strange, apocalyptic beast? What do they represent? In order to understand the beast we must go back to the Old Testament book of Daniel and compare Scripture with Scripture. The books of Daniel and Revelation explain each other. They fit together like a hand and glove. Please notice that Daniel had a vision very similar to that of John. And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another. We have already found out that water symbolizes peoples or multitudes, but what do the animals represent? So plainly worded that no one can question or doubt!

God says that animals in prophecy represent nations. Just as we have the American eagle and the Russian bear in our modem political vocabulary, God used animals long, long ago to represent countries also. This explanation becomes more simple and clear when we remember that there have only been four world empires in the earth since the days of Daniel. These kingdoms are referred to often in Bible prophecy and are called by name in some related prophecies of Daniel.

Refer to Daniel , 21 and Daniel for examples of this. Here we have represented that grand empire of Babylon, so well symbolized by the king of beasts. It was one of the wealthiest, strongest nations ever to exist on the earth. Notice that this animal has wings. Wings are used in prophetic terminology to symbolize speed.

And sure enough, Babylon arose very quickly to take its place as a ruler of the entire world. From B. Babylon continued to exercise her extensive authority. But a change was to take place. After Babylon came the kingdom of Medo-Persia in B. The bear is raised up on one side to represent the fact that Persia was stronger than the Medes. Those two powers were allied together in their domination of the earth. The three ribs probably symbolize the three provinces of that kingdom—Babylon, Lydia, and Egypt. Then in B. Medo-Persia went down, and the third world empire arose.

Any schoolboy who has studied his lessons carefully in ancient history will know that Greece arose as the next world ruler. Alexander the Great came marching from the west, laying the world at his feet in a very short time. The four wings of the leopard denote the exceeding speed with which Alexander subdued the nations. Within eight years, he had completely subjugated the world and sat down to weep because there were no more worlds to conquer.

But he could not conquer himself; he died as a young man of thirty-three at the height of his power. At his death the kingdom was divided among his four leading generals: Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy. The four heads of the beast represent those divisions of his empire.

This brings us to the year B. So far, every detail of the prophecy has been fulfilled exactly. Although Daniel had seen living wild beasts like those portrayed in the first three prophetic symbols, he had never seen anything resembling the fourth terrible beast. As we have already learned, this symbolizes the fourth world empire, which was the iron monarchy of Rome. The extension of its cruel domination of the earth has been well documented in the pages of ancient history. Rome would be divided into ten distinct areas. By following the course of history we discover that the exact fulfillment did come in the year A.

Fierce tribes came sweeping down from the north country, and overwhelmed the territory of Western Europe, dividing it finally into ten parts. Those parts, of course, correspond to the ten toes of the great image of Daniel 2. All students of history are well acquainted with the names of those tribal conquerors of Western Europe in A. Seven of those tribes are still in existence to this very day, having grown into modem nations.

They survive on the map of Europe as significant twentieth century powers. Three of them disappeared from the stage of history, as we shall learn in just a moment. The Little Horn Now we are prepared to read the next verse of the prophecy and find out the meaning of the little horn in the vision of Daniel. Here we must be very, very careful, indeed. We must not make the mistake of falsely identifying the little horn power, because it will prove to be the great antichrist power of history.

In order to avoid all mistakes of identity, it would be well first to consider the nine characteristic marks described in the prophecy itself. These marks of identity will enable us to be absolutely sure of the interpretation. First of all, the little horn came up among the ten. This places it geographically in Western Europe.

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Third, it would uproot three of the ten tribes as it came to power. This indicates that a human being would be at the head of the power represented by the little horn. This means that the little horn would be a different kind of power from those purely political kingdoms that preceded it. In John —33, Jesus was about to be stoned for claiming to be one with the Father. Now let us read another definition of blasphemy. Who can forgive sins but God only? Clearly, Jesus was not a blasphemer, because He was God and He was able to forgive sin. This move of the little horn could only be an attempt to make a change.

Obviously, man can never alter the moral law of God. It is actually a prophetic term that the Bible itself explains. By comparing these Scriptures, we understand that a time is a year in Bible prophecy, times is two years, and half a time is half a year. We are using, of course, the Bible year of days. We are now ready to apply another great principle in the interpretation of prophecy.

Please notice that always in measuring prophetic time, God uses a day to represent a year. This method of reckoning time must always be applied in the study of Bible prophecy. This means, then, that the little horn power would rule for 1, years, instead of merely 1, days. An Exact Fulfillment We have before us now a list of nine specific characteristics, which have been lifted out of the seventh chapter of Daniel in description of the little-horn power.

There is only one power in all history that meets the description given here. In other words, God closes every other option, and forces us to the only possible conclusion: the Catholic Church alone fulfills all the points of identity established in Daniel 7. Let us take a quick look and notice how clearly this is done. First of all, the papacy did arise in western Europe, at the very heart of the territory of the pagan Roman Empire—in Rome itself.

Second, it did come up after A. It was in the year A. These are facts of history that can be verified by any authoritative historical source. Third, when the papacy arose, it was opposed by three of the tribes that had taken over at the collapse of the Roman Empire. The armies of Rome marched in to uproot and completely destroy these three tribes. The last of the three was destroyed in the very year A. Fourth, the Catholic Church did have a man at the head of its system.

Fifth, the papacy was a diverse kind of power from the other political kingdoms before it. It was a religio-political system quite unlike anything that had been seen in the world before that time. Now we take a look at the sixth characteristic—the speaking of great words and blasphemy against the Most High. Does the papacy meet this description? We need only to be reminded that the Catholic Church has ever attributed to itself the power to forgive sins. As to the great words, let me quote from an article by F.

This book was printed at Rome and is sanctioned by the Catholic encyclopedia. The Pope is, as it were, God on earth, chief king of kings, having plenitude of power. These are only a few of the words that the Bible defines as blasphemy. Thus, the papacy meets the marks of identity as the little horn power. Coming now to the seventh point of identity, we find that history supports the prophecy concerning papal persecution. Everyone who has any knowledge of the Middle Ages is acquainted with the fact that millions of people were tortured and killed by the Catholic inquisitions.

Nevertheless when confronted by heresy … she has recourse to force, to corporal punishment, to torture. She creates tribunals like the Inquisition. She calls the laws of the state to her aid. We could multiply statements like this from historians, both Catholic and Protestant, that describe the horrible tortures of the papal authorities upon Protestants. Thus we can see the complete fulfillment of this description of the little horn. Does this apply to the papacy? Please note this: the Catholic Church has removed the second commandment from her doctrinal books and catechism, because it condemns the worship of images.

The tenth commandment is then divided so that they still have ten commandments. But two are against coveting, and there is none against idolatry. In this way, the papacy has thought to change the law, but unsuccessfully. Finally, we come to the ninth identifying mark, which tells us exactly how long this papal power would exercise its authority in the earth. We discovered that it would be for a period of 1, years.

Is this according to the record of history? Remember, that we have noted how the papacy began its reign, by order of Justinian, in A. By counting down 1, years from this date we are brought to the year In that very year the French general, Berthier, marched his armies into Rome and pulled the Pope off his throne.

He was carried away into exile, and all the properties of the Church were confiscated. The French Directory government decreed that there would never be another Bishop of Rome. As far as the world was concerned, and by all outward appearance, the Catholic Church was dead. After exactly 1, years, in fulfillment of the prophecy, she lost her control of the world. Thus, the final point is clearly fulfilled in the papacy, and in it only.

We are now ready to identify that strange, composite animal described in the book of Revelation. Let us read the description of that beast once more, which has the body of a leopard, the feet of a bear, and the mouth of a lion. Notice, please, that this beast is doing exactly the same thing as the little horn of Daniel. This beast is also a persecut- ing power. In other words, the beast of Revelation 13 is the very same power as the little horn. Both are symbolic of the papacy. But that wound was to be healed, and finally the whole world would give its allegiance to the papacy again.

That prophecy has been fulfilled very, very vividly before our eyes. It was in the year that Mussolini executed the Concordat of with the Pope, restoring the properties that had been taken away from the Church. At that time, the Pope was actually made king once more, and the Vatican City was set up as a political sovereign power. From that day to this, the strength of the papacy has been advancing with tremendous strides. At this present time most of the countries of the world have political representatives at Vatican City.

Almost every utterance of the pope is published to the ends of the earth, and millions and millions of people look to the papal power as the greatest influence in politics today. Yes, the wound has certainly been healed, and the world continues to follow after the beast. Where did she receive the authority to rule over the world for 1, years and to persecute so many millions of people for their faith? But who is the dragon? But when did Satan deceive the whole world? When he was cast out of heaven, there were only two people on the earth, and they represented the entire world.

By deceiving Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, Satan led all the world astray and came into temporary possession of the earth. The great controversy between good and evil, which had started in heaven, was now transferred to this planet. A Prediction of Enmity After the fall of man, God pronounced a curse upon each participant in that original transgression.

In Genesis , we read of the curse that was placed upon the devil or the dragon. But whom is the woman referred to in this prophecy? A woman, in Bible prophecy, always represents the church. There have been two sides from then until now. The dragon and his followers are arraigned against God and His followers. Truth versus error, and Satan versus the church. Two Sides Satan and God have been contending for the control of every living human being.

Even in the children of Adam the two sides were represented. Do you remember how God told each one of them to bring a lamb, but Cain substituted fruit or vegetables for that which God had commanded as a sacrifice? This, you will discover, will always be the mark of the dragon. He tries to substitute, or make a counterfeit, for the exact truth of God.

Through the descendants of Cain the earth was so corrupted that God finally had to destroy it with the flood. But after the deluge the two sides appeared once again. The plan failed, of course, and that site of the tower of Babel later became Babylon, which in B. During those early years of confusion, God called Abraham out of Babylon and sent him over into Canaan.

Abraham had grown up right there in Mesopotamia, near the place where the great tower of Babel was attempted, and where the empire of Babylon developed. The city of Babylon was the first capital of the dragon on this earth. A pagan system of religion developed there in the form of sun worship. It was a blasphemous idolatry, filled with immoralities, licentious ceremonies and degrading rites. Baal worship continued to predominate as it did in the previous kingdom. Then Greece took over, and she also subscribed to the same pagan sun worship.

Finally, Rome began to rule the world. But there was no change in the religion. Mithraism, or sun worship, was the universal religion of the pagan Roman Empire. From Babylon to Rome, the dragon held control through heathen sun worship. But during the Roman rule, a great thing happened!

It was time for the seed of the woman to appear. Remember, the prophecy spoke of enmity between the seed of the woman and the seed of the dragon. The seed of the woman appeared in the days of the Roman Empire. A pure woman stands for the true church, but a fallen woman symbolizes a false religious system.

The Seed of the Woman This woman in white, described in Revelation twelve, represents the true church, the apostolic church, with its pure doctrines. The twelve stars on her head are the twelve apostles. And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns … and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne. Now, who was this man-child?

The Beast with the Lamb’s Horn

It is none other than Jesus Christ. But who tried to kill Jesus as soon as He was born? Herod tried to put all the boy babies to death in Judea in an attempt to destroy Christ. The Roman Empire, then, is symbolized in Bible prophecy by the same red dragon as is the devil himself. Because Satan worked so closely through that nation to destroy Jesus, pagan Rome is represented by the same symbol in prophecy as the devil. But Herod did not succeed in his attempt to destroy the man-child.

Mary and Joseph fled to Egypt and escaped the terrible decree. The masterstroke of Satan to destroy Jesus on the cross was foiled on that Sunday morning when the Crucified One broke the bonds of death in the resurrection. Forty days later, He was caught up to heaven in perfect fulfillment of the words of the prophecy. When the dragon saw that he was not able to destroy Christ, he turned his wrath against the early church.

Thousands and thousands of Christians were martyred under the terrible persecutions of the cruel Roman emperors. But the gospel continued to grow and spread. The blood of the martyrs seemed to become the seed of the church. When one died a hundred more sprang up to take his place. Paul preached his gospel right up to the very gates of Rome. The old dragon became worried.

It was now time for the seed of the dragon to appear.

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Through violence and persecution, he had failed to stamp out the truth. So what he could not do through force, the dragon would now attempt by strategy and deception. He would organize his own counterfeit religious system. He would bring in pagan doctrines and philosophy from the old empires of Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome and combine them with Christian teaching. Thus, he attempted to destroy millions through deception. In what form did the seed of the dragon appear? It was brought forth as the beast of Revelation It is very significant that the beast is actually made up of parts of the lion, the leopard, the bear and the nondescript animal of Daniel 7.


In particular did she draw her strength from the pagan Roman nation. According to Revelation , the dragon gave the beast his power and seat and great authority. We have learned that the dragon actually symbolizes the pagan Roman Empire, as well as the devil himself. Did the pagan Roman Empire actually bestow any authority upon the papacy? The fact is that in A. History uses almost the words of the prophecy in describing it. The Bishop of Rome, in the seat of the Caesars, was now the greatest man in the west, and was soon forced to become the political as well as the spiritual head.

How clearly these statements show that the papacy received her seat and power from pagan Rome! But where did Rome get it? From Greece. And where did Greece get her power? From Medo-Persia. And where did Medo-Persia get hers? From Babylon. And where did Babylon get it? From the dragon. So we begin to understand why God has given such fearful warnings against the beast power. The dragon is actually behind it all. Counterfeits In Pagan Dress Let us consider for a moment how pagan doctrines were able to find a place in this counterfeit religious system that Satan introduced.

Because a mark of the dragon power is to counterfeit and substitute, we will be able to see in this religio-political system t he operation of Satan at his infernal best. Just as was the case with Cain, substitutes were fashioned to meet the commandments of God. Many relics of sun worship actually came to be accorded Christian status. A whole set of counterfeit doctrines was added so that the papacy could gain prestige with the pagan peoples of that age. Pagan idols were left at the door, but idols of Peter, Mary and the saints took their place. As an example of the way in which pagan concepts came into the church, consider the example of Christmas.

Do you know where the observance of Christmas originated? Christmas, as a festival, existed long before Jesus was born into this world. December 25 was actually celebrated hundreds of years before Christ was born. The pagans worshiped the sun, and they noticed that in December, the days were becoming shorter and shorter and the sun was getting farther away from them. Fearing that the sun would leave them altogether, they prayed and offered sacrifices.

Then on December 25, for the first time, they could tell that the sun was coming back closer; the days were beginning to lengthen out again. It became a great religious festival with them. Only the pagans celebrated the day until the counterfeit papal system was taking form. Gilbert Murray, M. New York: As you can readily see, the adoption of December 25 was based purely upon the heathen observance of the festival of sun worship. Please take note how easily a pagan institution can slip into Christian churches and can even be passed along in Protestantism.

And what about Easter? It is a well-known Christian observance in our modem churches. Yet, it was also celebrated by pagans long before the resurrection of Christ. All Christian groups recognize that Easter Sunday is often as much as five weeks apart from one year to the next. Few know that it is all governed by the heavenly bodies.

Easter always falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the equinox. The pagans of long ago noticed that everything seemed to take on new life in the early spring, as soon as the sun crossed the equinox. So they designated a day in the spring to honor the goddess of reproduction.

That day was dedicated to Ishtar, the goddess of reproduction, because of the new life and growth in nature. The very word Easter has been transliterated from the name of the goddess Ishtar, whose worship was memorialized by the adoption of Easter. Many times Christian laymen have asked just what the bunny rabbit and Easter egg have to do with the resurrection of Christ.

Of course, they have nothing to do with it. The egg was also chosen because it was a symbol of fertility. Among the heathen, the day was associated with the most licentious practices. Even the symbols, the bunny rabbits and eggs, are retained as reminders of its pagan origin. These examples have been presented merely to show how easily the devil was able to impose pagan ideas upon that church. As the papacy developed, it was open to the reception of unbiblical customs that marked it clearly as the real counterfeit power described by God in Revelation The question comes to our minds at this point: Are we really following the Bible in all our doctrines?

If tradition and heathen custom have crept so easily into the church, what about other doctrines? The things mentioned so far have not been opposed to the direct commandments of God. We can think of His resurrection and birth at any time and on any day of the year.

In the next chapter we shall discover, though, that other pagan doctrines were introduced which strike at the very heart of true Bible religion. We are not so concerned, except for those things which contravene a plain command of God. May our eyes be opened to recognize these counterfeits and to remain loyal to the exact truth in its original form. Here is wisdom.

Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. So far in our study, we have described nine identifying marks of the beast power and its application to the papacy. Right here we will add the tenth point to our list by explaining the number of his name.

According to Revelation , the number of his name will also be the number of a man. Undoubtedly this refers to the man who heads the beast power. The ancient method of deriving the number of a name is to take the numerical value of all letters and add them up to get the sum. If we want to apply this test to the papacy, we must find the official name of the pope, who is the head of his church. If this is the number of a man, it would naturally be the man who is the head of the organization.

It is interesting to note that there is an official Latin title for the pope, a title which has been granted by the Church itself. This title is found repeatedly in the publications of Rome. Peter to act as His representative. So with this official name of the pope in hand we can proceed to apply the test of the Scripture. How do we derive the number of his name? By getting the numerical value of the Roman numerals of the title Vicarius Filii Dei, we actually come to a definite number We grant that it is possible for such a thing to be a mere happenstance if we had only this one mark of identity to lean upon.

But the fact is that this is the tenth of a long list of characteristic marks that the Bible uses to identify the beast power. It only adds weight and strength to that which has already been said in making the application to the papal power. It is the capstone proof in conjunction with all the other marks laid down so clearly in the Scripture. The Mark—A Master Counterfeit We are now prepared to consider the climax of counterfeits as far as the beast power is concerned. We have already learned that this power was to counterfeit many of the great truths of God.

A few of the counterfeits might be listed as follows: instead of the word of God, tradition; instead of the Holy Spirit, the pope; instead of baptism, sprinkling; instead of communion, transubstantiation; instead of the eternal law of God, the changed law; instead of tithe, taxes and indulgences; instead of death, purgatory; instead of the seal of God, the mark of the beast. Here we are especially concerned about the mark of the beast. We must know exactly what this mark is and how we can avoid it.